Aerial photo of Greene Ridge, Antarctica

Selected Publications

Thode, A.M., K.H. Kim, R.G. Norman, S.B. Blackwell and C.R. Greene Jr. 2016. Acoustic vector sensor beamforming reduces masking from underwater industrial noise during passive monitoring. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Expr. Lett. 139(4):EL105-EL111. link

Blackwell, S.B. and 7 others including K.H. Kim and C.R. Greene Jr. 2015. Effects of airgun sounds on bowhead whale calling rates: evidence for two behavioral thresholds. PLOS One 10(6):e0125720. 29 p.  link

Clark, C.W. and 6 others including S.B. Blackwell 2015. A year in the acoustic world of bowhead whales in the Bering, Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. Progr. Oceanogr. 136:223-240.  link

Heide-Jørgensen, M.P. and 5 others including S.B. Blackwell. 2015. The predictable narwhal: satellite tracking shows behavioural similarities between isolated subpopulations. J. Zool., Lond. 297(1):56-65.  link

Abadi, S.H., A.M. Thode, S.B. Blackwell and D.R. Dowling. 2014. Ranging bowhead whale calls in a shallow-water dispersive waveguide. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 136(1):130-144.  link

Bonnel, J., A.M. Thode, S.B. Blackwell, K. Kim and A.M. Macrander. 2014. Range estimation of bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) calls in the Arctic using a single hydrophone. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 136(1):145-155.  link

Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., N.H. Nielsen, R.G. Hansen and S.B. Blackwell. 2014. Stomach temperature of narwhals (Monodon monoceros) during feeding events. Anim. Biotelem. 2(9). 9 p. link

Blackwell, S.B. and 6 others including C.R. Greene Jr.. 2013. Effects of airgun sounds on bowhead whale calling rates in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 29(4):E342-E365.  link

Blackwell, S.B., T.L. McDonald, K.H. Kim, L.A.M. Aerts, W.J. Richardson, C.R. Greene Jr. and B. Streever. 2012. Directionality of bowhead whale calls measured with multiple sensors. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 28(1):200-212.  link

McDonald, T.L., W.J. Richardson, C.R. Greene Jr., S.B. Blackwell, C. Nations, R.M. Nielson and B. Streever. 2012. Detecting changes in the distribution of calling bowhead whales exposed to fluctuating underwater sounds. J. Cetac. Res. Manage. 12(1):91-106.  link

Richardson, W.J., T.L. McDonald, C.R. Greene Jr., S.B. Blackwell and B. Streever. 2012. Distribution of bowhead whale calls near an oil production island with fluctuating underwater sound [Extended abstract]. p. 303-306 In: A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (eds.), The effects of noise on aquatic life. Springer, New York. 695 p.  link

Thode, A.M., K.H. Kim, S.B. Blackwell, C.R. Greene Jr., C.S. Nations, T.L. McDonald and A.M. Macrander. 2012. Automated detection and localization of bowhead whale sounds in the presence of seismic airgun surveys. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131(5):3726-3747.  link

Guerra, M., A.M. Thode, S.B. Blackwell and A.M. Macrander. 2011. Quantifying seismic survey reverberation off the Alaskan North Slope. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 130(5):3046-3058.  link

Greene, C.R., Jr., S.B. Blackwell and M.W. McLennan. 2008. Sounds and vibrations in the frozen Beaufort Sea during gravel island construction. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123(2):687-695.  link

Mathias, D., A. Thode, S.B. Blackwell and C. Greene. 2008. Computer-aided classification of bowhead whale call categories for mitigation monitoring. In: New trends for environmental monitoring using passive systems, Hyeres, France, Oct. 2008.  IEEE Conf. Proc.  link

Meyer, C.G., W.C. Burgess, Y.P. Papastamatiou, and K.N. Holland. 2007. Use of an implanted sound recording device (Bioacoustic Probe) to document the acoustic environment of a blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus). Aquatic Living Resources, doi:10.1051/alr2008002, 20(4):291-298.  link

Blackwell, S.B., W.J. Richardson, C.R. Greene Jr., and B. Streever. 2007. Bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) migration and calling behaviour in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, Autumn 2001-04: an acoustic localization study. Arctic 60(3):255-270.  link

Insley, S.J., B.W. Robson, T. Yack, R.R. Ream, and W. Burgess. 2007. Acoustic determination of activity and flipper stroke rate in foraging northern fur seal females. Endangered Species Research doi:10.3354/esr00050.  link

Oleson, E.M., J. Calambokidis, W.C. Burgess, M.A. McDonald, C.A. Le Duc, and J.A. Hildebrand. 2007. Behavioral context of call production by eastern North Pacific blue whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series 330:269-284.  link

Thode, A.M., P. Gerstoft, W.C. Burgess, K. Sabra, M. Guerra, M.D. Stokes, M. Noad, and D.C. Cato. 2006. A portable matched-field processing system using passive acoustic time synchronization. Journal of Oceanic Engineering 31(3):696-710.  link

Blackwell, S.B. and C.R. Greene, Jr. 2006. Sounds from an oil production island in the Beaufort Sea in summer: characteristics and contribution of vessels. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 119(1):182-196.  link

Blackwell, S.B. and C.R. Greene, Jr. 2005. Underwater and in-air sounds from a small hovercraft. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America118(6):3646-3652. link

Blackwell, S.B. 2005. Underwater measurements of pile driving sounds during the Port MacKenzie dock modifications, 13-16 August 2004. Greeneridge Rep. 328-1. Rep. from Greeneridge Sciences Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for Knik Arm Bridge and Toll Authority (KABATA), Anchorage, AK, 33

Burgess, W.C., S. B. Blackwell, and R. Abbott. 2005. Underwater acoustic measurements of vibratory pile driving at the Pipeline 5 crossing in the Snohomish River, Everett, Washington, Greeneridge Rep. 322-2, Rep. from Greeneridge Sciences Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for URS Corporation, Seattle, WA, and the City of Everett, Everett, WA, 35 pp.  link

Blackwell, S.B., C.R. Greene, Jr. and W.J. Richardson. 2004. Drilling and operational sounds from an oil production island in the ice-covered Beaufort Sea. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116(5):3199-3211.  link

Blackwell, S.B., J.W. Lawson and M.T. Williams. 2004. Tolerance by ringed seals (Phoca hispida) to impact pipe-driving and construction sounds at an oil production island. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 115(5):2346-2357.

Blank, J.M., J.M. Morrissette, A.M. Landeira-Fernandez, S.B. Blackwell, T.D. Williams and B.A. Block. 2004. In situ cardiac performance of Pacific bluefin tuna hearts in response to acute temperature change. Journal of Experimental Biology 207:881-890.

Teo, S.L.H., A. Boustany, S. Blackwell, A. Walli, K.C. Weng and B.A. Block. 2004. Validation of geolocation estimates based on light level and sea surface temperature from electronic tags. Marine Ecology Progress Series 283:81-98.

Greene, C.R., Jr., M.W. McLennan, R.G. Norman, T.L. McDonald, R.S. Jakubczak and W.J. Richardson. 2004. Directional frequency and recording (DIFAR) sensors in seafloor recorders to locate calling bowhead whales during their fall migration.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116(2):799-813.

Blackwell, S.B., R.G. Norman, C.R. Greene, Jr., M.Wm. McLennan, T.L. McDonald and W.J.Richardson. 2004. Acoustic Monitoring of bowhead whale migration, autumn 2003. p. 7-1 to 7-45 In: Richardson, J.J. and M.T. Williams (eds). Monitoring of industrial sounds, seals, and bowhead whales near BP's Northstar oil development, Alaskan Beaufort Sea, 1999-2003.LGL Report TA4002. Rep. from LGL Ltd., (KIing City, Ont.), Greeneridge Sciences Inc. (Santa Barbara, CA) and WEST Inc. (Cheyenne, VY), for BP Explor. (Alaska) Inc., Anchorage, AK.

Moulton, V.D., W.J. Richardson, M.T. Williams & S.B. Blackwell. 2003. Ringed seal densities and noise near an icebound artificial island with construction and drilling. Acoustic Research Letters Online 4(4):112-177

Burgess, W.C., and S. B. Blackwell. 2003. Acoustic monitoring of barrier wall installation at the former Rhône-Poulenc site, Tukwila, Washington, Greeneridge Rep. 290-1, Rep. from Greeneridge Sciences Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for RCI Environmental Inc., Sumner, WA, 31 pp.  link

Blackwell, S.B. and C.R. Greene, Jr. 2003. Acoustic measurements in Cook Inlet, Alaska, during August 2001. Greeneridge Rep. 271-2, Rep. from Greeneridge Sciences Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for National Marine Fisheries Service, Anchorage, AK, 43 pp.

Greene, C.R. Jr., M.W. McLennan, S.B. Blackwell, T.L. McDonald and W.J. Richardson. 2003. Acoustic monitoring of bowhead whale migration, autumn 2002. p. 7-1 to 7-31 In: Richardson, W.J. and M.T. Williams (eds) 2002. Monitoring of industrial sounds, seals, and bowhead whales near BP's Northstar Oil Development, Alaskan Beaufort Sea, 1999-2002.Rep. from LGL Ltd., King City, Ont., and Greeneridge Sciences Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for BP Explor. (Alaska) Inc., Anchorage, AK, and Nat. Mar. Fish. Serv., Anchorage, AK, and Silver Spring, MD. 336 p. LGL Rep. TA2706-2.

Patenaude, N.J., W.J. Richardson, M.A. Smultea, W.R. Koski, G.W. Miller, B. Würsig, and C.R. Greene Jr. 2002. Aircraft sound and disturbance to bowhead and beluga whales during spring migration in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Marine Mammal Science 18(2):309-335.

Würsig, B., and C.R. Greene Jr. 2002. Underwater sounds near a fuel receiving facility in western Hong Kong: relevance to dolphins. Marine Environmental Research 54:129-145.

Block, B.A., H. Dewar, S.B. Blackwell, T. Williams, E.D. Prince, C.J. Farwell, A. Boustany, S.L.H. Teo, A. Seitz, A. Walli & D. Fudge. 2001. Electronic tags reveal migratory movements, depth preferences and thermal biology of Atlantic bluefin tuna. Science 293(5533):1310-1314.

Campagna, C., J. Dignani, S.B. Blackwell & M.R. Marin. 2001. Detecting bioluminescence with an irradiance time-depth recorder deployed on southern elephant seals. Marine Mammal Science 17(2):402-414.

Marcinek, D.J., S.B. Blackwell, H. Dewar, E.V. Freund, C. Farwell, D. Dau, A. Seitz and B.A. Block. 2001. Depth movements and muscle temperature of Pacific bluefin tuna measured with ultrasonic telemetry. Marine Biology 138:869-885.

Le Boeuf, B.J., D.E. Crocker, D.P. Costa, S.B. Blackwell, P.M. Webb and D.S. Houser. 2000. Foraging ecology of northern elephant seals. Ecological Monographs 70(3):353-382.

Le Boeuf, B.J., D.E. Crocker, J. Grayson, J. Gedamke, P.M. Webb, S.B. Blackwell and D.P. Costa. 2000. Respiration and heart rate at the surface between dives in northern elephant seals. Journal of Experimental Biology 203:3265-3274.

Würsig, B., C.R. Greene, Jr., and T.A. Jefferson. 2000. Development of an air bubble curtain to reduce underwater noise of percussive piling. Marine Environmental Research 49:79-93.  link

Au, W.W.L., J. Mobley, W.C. Burgess, M. O. Lammers, and P. E. Nachtigall. 2000. Seasonal and diurnal trends of chorusing humpback whales wintering in waters off western Maui. Marine Mammal Science 16:530-544.

Greene, C.R., Jr., and W.C. Burgess. 2000. Physical acoustic measurements, p. 3-1 to 3-45 in: W.J. Richardson (ed.)., Marine mammal and acoustical monitoring of Western Geophysical's open-water seismic program in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, 1999, LGL Rep. TA2313-4, Rep. from LGL Ltd., King City, Ont., and Greeneridge Sciences, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for Western Geophysical, Anchorage, AK, and National Marine Fisheries Service, Anchorage, AK, and Silver Spring, MD, 155 p.

Burgess, W.C., P.L. Tyack, B.J. LeBoeuf, and D.P. Costa. 1998. A programmable acoustic recording tag and first results from northern elephant seals. Deep-Sea Research part II 45(7):1327-1351.  link

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